whom does the TPA apply?
Whether you rent a house,
a basement apartment, a rented condominium, or a high-rise apartment, the law
covers you. The TPA also applies to residents of rooming houses in many cases.
share either bathroom or kitchen facilities with the landlord, the TPA does
not cover your situation. This means that if you are having problems with
your landlord but you share a kitchen and/or bathroom with him, you cannot
go to the Tribunal to enforce your rights. Please call the Tenant Hotline
at 416-921-9494 if this is happening to you.
Also, if you share an apartment
or rent a room from another tenant in an apartment but are not on the lease,
you may not be covered by the TPA. To get protection under the TPA, it is important
that you ensure you are recognized as a tenant in that unit.
Residents of non-profit
housing co-operatives or “co-ops” are not covered by the TPA. The operation
of non-profit co-ops is governed by the Co-operative Corporations Act.
While the TPA does cover
tenants who live in non-profit and public housing (for issues of evictions and
privacy, for example), most of the rules on rent increases do not apply, to
tenants in non-profit or public housing.
is owned by either local governments or private non-profit corporations.
These corporations operate the rental buildings with the financial help of either
the City or federal government. In non-profit housing, tenants pay either rent
geared to income (30% of income) or a “market” rent.
Public housing in
Toronto is run by the Toronto Housing Authority on behalf of the province of
Ontario. In public housing, all tenants are Rent Geared to Income tenants.
There are other special
rules and exemptions under the TPA regarding tenants who live in care homes.
If you live in a care home you may wish to contact a specialty legal clinic
such as the Advocacy Centre for the Elderly (phone 416-598-2656), or ARCH:
A Legal Resource Centre for Persons with Disabilities (phone 416-482-8255),
or contact your local community legal clinic for advice.